Letter to a 12-Year-Old Girl About the Eternal Destiny of Those Who Have Not Heard the Gospel
You asked what happens to people who live far away from the gospel and have never heard about Jesus and die without faith in him.
Here is what I think the Bible teaches.
God always punishes people because of what they know and fail to believe. In other words, no one will be condemned for not believing in Jesus who has never heard of Jesus.
Does that mean that people will be saved and go to heaven if they have never heard of Jesus? No, that is not what God tells us in the Bible.
The main passage in the Bible that talks about this is Romans 1:18–23. Here is what it says. Then I'll make a comment or two.
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. 19 For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been…