Predestined, Called, Justified, Glorified

Romans 8:30

Principle for Bible Reading

A promise as mind-blowing as Romans 8:28 needs massive faith-sustaining truth underneath it. Romans 8:30 lays out a process in which God exalts Christ by bringing ungodly people to glory. In this lab, John Piper offers assurance in God’s invincible plan of salvation.

View the outline.


Introduction/Prayer (00:00–02:35)

If you’re going to build a building as a high as the promise of Romans 8:28, you better dig a very deep foundation (Romans 8:29–30).

Observations (02:35–06:12)

  1. Between predestination and glorification are two steps: calling and justification. (Romans 8:30)
  2. There are no dropouts in this process. Everyone who is predestined will be glorified. (Romans 8:30)
  3. The call is an omnipotent, sovereign work of God to bring into being what isn’t. (Romans 4:17)
  4. God justifies the ungodly (Romans 4:5). The only people that exist are ungodly people. If anyone will be justified, he or she will be an ungodly person.

Implications (06:12–10:24)

  1. The justification of ungodly people exalts Christ, because it was by his sacrifice that we were redeemed and justified.
  2. God condemned our sin in the flesh of Christ (Romans 8:1–4). Our punishment was executed in the crucifixion of Jesus.
  3. We will never be righteous by law-keeping. Our only hope for righteousness is the righteousness that comes through faith in Jesus Christ. (Philippians 3:9)
  4. Because of our calling and justification, all the predestined will be glorified. (Romans 8:30)
  5. Christ is exalted because he is both the ground of our glorification and the goal of our glorification.

Study Questions

  1. Is there any difference between the groups that are predestined, called, justified, and glorified? Why or why not?
  2. Read Romans 4:5 and Philippians 3:9. Define justification in Romans 8:30 using these other verses.
  3. Explain how Romans 8:29–30 ground the amazing promise of Romans 8:28. How does Paul argue that God is working all things for our good from the truths that follow?
Piper: “Redemption is a process in which God exalts Christ by bringing ungodly people to glory.”

‘The Greatest Chapter’ Series

This lab is part of a series through Romans 8. Taking a verse or two at a time, John Piper unfolds the other-worldly realities in these thirty-nine verses, all along pointing out general, practical principles for understanding and applying the Bible’s meaning. Visit ‘The Greatest Chapter’ series page to see all the labs in this series.